Neuro refers to the whole nervous system and brain, through which we perceive; Linguistics emphasizes the importance of the language we use, both to others and more importantly to ourselves. The language we use to describe, communicate and symbolize our experience of reality. Programming refers to our automatisms, corresponding to the way we encode the information perceived by our senses.
Neuro Linguistic Programming was born in 1975 from the work of John Grinder and Richard Bandler, whose objectives were to understand the effectiveness of three of the most effective therapists of the time, Milton H. Erickson, psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Fritz Pearls, founder of Gestalt Therapy, and Virginia Satir, a famous family therapist.
By analyzing the methods of these three exceptional therapists, Bandler and Grinder deduced some fundamental principles or presuppositions. They modeled their strategies by identifying what made the methods of these three therapists so effective.
Today, NLP has become a very broad discipline, covering both therapy and individual change, communication, marketing, politics and much more.